The LVFO East African Community Institution constituents are from Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. . The Organizations aim is to harmonize, develop and adopt conservation and management measures for the sustainable utilization of living resources of Lake Victoria to optimize socio-economic benefits from the basin for the three Partner States.
Building co-management in East Africa
The fishing communities are organized through the formation of legally empowered Beach Management Units (BMUs). These are not formally part of the LVFO structure but will become formally integrated into LVFO.
Beach Management Units (BMUs) are the foundation of fisheries co-management and are community-based organizations that bring together everyone involved in fisheries at a beach – boat owners, boat crew, traders, processors, boat builders and repairers, net repairers and others – to work with government and other stakeholders in managing fisheries resources and improving the livelihoods of the community members.
The Council of Ministers of the LVFO in 2002 directed the Secretariat to promote aquaculture in the Lake Victoria basin as a means of increasing fish production in the basin and reducing pressure on wild stocks. In addition to the potentially significant contribution to food security, it is also being promoted as an activity that can create employment, generate foreign income and otherwise contribute to economic growth. Aquaculture is a relatively new enterprise in East Africa and has so far only been carried out at a subsistence level. The potential for aquaculture in the region is very high because it has a large number of productive natural waters.
The need for assessments of the status of the fishery sector and the fishing effort on a sustainable basis to guide management of the fishery is very important. The fishery of Lake Victoria is to a large extent supporting the micro and macro economies of the three Partner States of Kenya Tanzania and Uganda and its sustainable development is crucial to the communities depending on the resources. The biennial Frame Surveys conducted since the year 2000 to 2012 provide a comprehensive picture of the status of facilities and services in the fisheries sector and how fishing effort and capacity has been changing for proper planning, development and management of the sector.